This is a page of links to several diverse alerts which have been saved as PDFs, on topics ranging from anaesthetics, cardiac medications, and a medical alert card.

Anaesthetics and polio.

Anesthesia Concerns for the Polio Survivor.

Beta-blockers and Carnitine – post polio.

Bruno on Cholesterol.

Deadly Pain medications.

Dental and anaesthetic cautions – Bruno.

Drug and Exercise Cautions.

Ezetrol & Statin Warning.

Medical Alert Card.

Medications post polio – Dr Susan Perlman.

Polio Survivors as patients.

Vitamins and minerals

Here is a quick guide to symptoms and potential remedies.

Vitamins include Vitamin A, Vitamin B1 (thiamine), B3, B6, B12, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Vitamin K

Minerals include Boron/Borax, Chromium, Iodine, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese, Potassium, Selenium, Zinc.

There are also Essential fatty acids and essential peptides (Carnitine, Choline, Gelatine, Glutamine, Taurine, Tyrosine).

There is more information about Taurine here, and it’s impact on weight loss and exercise.


Post polio literature has for many years, mentioned polio survivors experiencing fibromyalgia. In Western Australia we have been successfully treating this with large doses of supplemental magnesium chelate. Taking this with Vitamin C is helpful to control the pain and help absorption. Manganese stops the stiffness we get after sitting for a while.

Magnesium, boron and castor oil can be very helpful when massaged on to the skin.


If you think Muscles when you think Magnesium, then think Tendons and Manganese.

Have you ever found you are stiff initially, getting out of bed or from sitting too long – in a chair, in the car, wherever? Does it take a while to get moving again?

No – it is NOT just because you are getting older and more arthritic!

You are likely to find that by taking some extra manganese (200mg – 800mg daily) you can be back to the agility of younger days. Simple! Easy! No pain!

Manganese works on tendons – lax or tight – it allows them to work properly. It also has an effect on the balance centre in the inner ear. We can lose our ability to know where we are positioned in space. So we end up with bruises from bumping into doorways and furniture. We get clumsy – and drive erratically.

Also, when your manganese levels are low, your blood pressure can drop which will make you dizzy. Other causes of dizziness include low vitamin B12 or vitamin D.

One mineral – Manganese – cures woman’s foot drag in two days!

Janet was frustrated. She had seen so many doctors, taken so many pills, and had so many treatments. But nothing worked. Janet suffered from a severe foot drag.  Janet could no longer lift her left leg. But she could still put weight on it. So when she walked, she would step with her right leg and drag the left one along until she could stand on it to take another step. It was slow and quite embarrassing. Unfortunately, Janet didn’t know why her leg started dragging. She didn’t injure it. She didn’t have any other health problems. She just started losing control of it. As Janet saw one doctor after another, the frustration really set in. She was losing hope that she would ever walk normally again. Even integrative physicians couldn’t help her – until she went to see her chiropractor. When she went into a new chiropractor’s office, she expected him to adjust her back, as her previous chiropractor always had in the past. She really didn’t expect anything different, but it did feel good. But this time, this new chiropractor shocked her. He said, “You don’t need an adjustment. You just need to take some manganese.”

Manganese is a trace mineral found in minute amounts in the human body. It’s not a mineral you hear much about because most people don’t have a manganese deficiency. Well, at least that’s what most doctors will tell you. Manganese is gaining ground as a mineral that’s involved in more nerve issues than originally thought. In fact, manganese is absolutely vital for good brain and muscle function. If you suffer from an inability to concentrate, you could have a manganese deficiency. This mineral essentially electrifies nerves and enables them to communicate with one another. The mineral also guards against nerve depletion. When you take manganese, it improves the resiliency of your nerves. It also enhances nerve conductivity and the transfer of nerve messages. So you can see why it’s so vital for your brain. But it’s also crucial for your brain’s ability to talk to the rest of your body. This intercommunication network within your body relies on manganese and other minerals to function properly. In Janet’s case, it’s likely her nerves weren’t communicating between her left leg and her brain. Since her leg wasn’t injured, this is the only likely cause of her problem. Naturally, Janet started taking manganese daily. The result was shocking. Within two days, her leg drag was almost completely gone. In no time, she was walking normally. Some would call this a miracle. It probably is. I’m not sure how the chiropractor knew she had a manganese deficiency. But he was spot on. It cleared up her leg drag without any further intervention or side effects. Manganese has the potential to be toxic if you take too much of it. But there’s limited evidence for this toxicity. Some vegetarian diets provide as much as 20 mg daily without any evidence of neurological problems. And some studies have used short-term doses of 40 mg daily. However, most of you just need to take enough to replenish your deficiency. For most people 2-3 mg daily is sufficient. This dose is unlikely to cause any side effects. But if you notice any negative effects whatsoever, you need to stop taking it and let your body work with what it has. Talk to your doctor before taking larger doses.

Your insider for better health,
Steve Kroening, ND 2016


Could one of the symptoms of magnesium deficiency be anxiety?  Magnesium is also an impressive infection fighter. It is needed for our cells to synthesise proteins, enable nerve impulses, and efficient muscle function.

Magnesium intake is at a low amongst Americans and Australians and it’s believed that this is, in part, due to a major shift from whole grains to refined flours.  Refined flours have a low mineral content, generally only containing 16 percent of the magnesium that’s found in their unrefined, and arguably healthier, counterparts.

Studies have found that feelings of fear and panic can be significantly reduced with greater magnesium intake, and the good news is that the results aren’t limited to generalized anxiety disorder. Anxiety is the most common mental health disorder in the world, presenting with symptoms such as fearfulness and panic, but what causes anxiety?

Previously, aspects such as genes and the environment have been closely studied, but more recently the attention has shifted to nutrition.  This is largely because of new findings which may suggest that anxiety is more common in developed countries than in developing countries.

“The magnesium requirement during stress soars,” says Dr. Andrea Rosanoff (Centre for Magnesium Education & Research Hawaii). “This includes any kind of stress coming into the body from exercisemental and emotional, high noise, chemicals, or any other source.” Even someone regularly taking magnesium as part of a dietary program has far greater nutritional requirements when they experience a stress episode of some sort.

Magnesium requirements also rise during healing from a bodily trauma such as injury or an operation. “Part of any bodily healing should include a really good source of magnesium as well as other essential nutrients,” she said.

What is Magnesium?

Magnesium is a mineral that has a very important role in many different biological processes. It’s mostly known for its ability to produce energy, and for controlling the release of certain hormones in the body that work to keep the bones strong and healthy.

Along with being a potential contributing factor for anxiety and depression, magnesium deficiency can also have a lot of other effects on the body, including increasing the risk of heart disease, migraines, and high blood pressure.

This may be why a large number of anxiety patients suffer from related illnesses like headaches, chronic pain, sleep disorders, and so on.

Magnesium for Anxiety Health Benefits

Research suggests that taking magnesium for anxiety can work well. Studies have found that feelings of fear and panic can be significantly reduced with greater magnesium intake, and the good news is that the results aren’t limited to generalized anxiety disorder. In fact, the magnesium-anxiety association also appears to be strong in terms of both post-traumatic anxiety and premenstrual anxiety, too.

Many foods naturally contain magnesium. Foods with magnesium include dark leafy greens, nuts and seeds, fish, beans, and whole grains, so it’s quite simple to include more magnesium in the everyday diet.

However, it’s also possible to take a magnesium supplement for anxiety if it is more convenient to do so.

Is Magnesium Safe?

One of the biggest benefits of magnesium is that it is generally very safe. In fact, magnesium side effects are very rare, and it is difficult to take too much magnesium because the body is capable of removing unwanted and unnecessary minerals effectively and efficiently.

Magnesium types

I am finding that people are buying a number of different brands and sorts of magnesium without understanding that there are lots of different types out there and that many types and mixtures may not give the results we need. This also applies to the form it comes in ie tablets are not well absorbed, capsules are better, and powder is ready to go….works much quicker – but it needs to be a type that the body can absorb in the gut. Proof is if it works! 

Vitamin manufacturers often include ingredients that assist their manufacturing process, but don’t help you. For example, many supplements contain magnesium stearate. This chemical helps powders flow, or keeps tablets from crumbling, but it’s NOT good for your health. Magnesium stearate might cause intestinal damage and prevent your proper absorption of nutrients. Other research indicates that it might suppress the activity of T cells—a vital component of your immune system.

Some well-known brands of vitamins are so full of binding agents and coatings that the pills don’t digest at all.

There can be a huge difference between the amount of a nutrient listed on the label and how much your body actually absorbs and assimilates. Bioavailability has a huge impact on how much good a supplement does you. Many companies use magnesium oxide in their products because it’s the cheapest form of magnesium. But it’s nearly impossible for your body to absorb: Clinical research shows that taking 300 mg of magnesium oxide a day for 60 days had no effect at raising peoples’ magnesium levels. It’s only good to clean out the gut!!

Magnesium sulphate (Epsom salts) – bioavailability is limited and variable with degrees of mild diarrhoea.

Magnesium Hydroxide (milk of magnesia), used as an antacid or laxative – gives poor absorption.

Magnesium citrate attracts water in the intestine, creates more faeces, stimulating the bowel with laxative effect.

Magnesium carbonate is chalk and forms magnesium chloride but is dependent on adequate stomach acid levels to do this. Magnesium chloride is suitable for those with low stomach acid.

Stress results in decreased stomach acid and decreased hydrochloric acid in the stomach results in decreased absorption of magnesium. Antacids decrease magnesium absorption. Magnesium absorption is altered by an unhealthy intestine; IBS, leaky gut, gluten & casein sensitivities, fungii & parasites and low vitamin D.

Magnesium glutamate and aspartate — Avoid these two forms of magnesium completely. Glutamic acid and aspartic acid are components of the dangerous artificial sweetener aspartame. Both of them become neurotoxic.

Magnesium chelate is combined with an amino acid (protein) such as taurate (as in taurine in meat), malate (apple) or glycinate (gelatine) are more bioavailable, the least likely to induce diarrhoea & safest for long term use.

Magnesium can also be absorbed through the skin in the form of magnesium oils and sprays if you can’t tolerate oral forms of magnesium. We have the Amazing Oils brand ($35) from Queensland or look on the internet.

Tessa took a closer look at the role of magnesium in muscle relaxation here.

As with many things in life, the important thing is to maintain a good balance. The balance of magnesium and calcium is important to optimise sleep, bowel function and bone density.

I grew up on Milk of Magnesia. And I hated it! Whatever was wrong with us as kids, we got a dose of milk of magnesia and it usually fixed us. I could never work out how it could fix both constipation and diarrhoea, but it did. Now I know why. It normalises muscle function, is an alkaliser and excess hurries out the other end.

In WA our soils are some of the oldest in the world, and are low in many minerals, including magnesium. Settlers here have always needed a source of extra magnesium. I remember my grandfather telling me as a child – “Never forget about the Epsom salts – some day you’ll need it”

Calcium however, is high in our soil. Limestone has 80% calcium. We do not need extra calcium here, but we do need magnesium.

These two minerals balance each other in the body. Calcium contracts. Magnesium relaxes. They have opposite actions. Calcium is high in the bones, in blood and in the intra-cellular fluid. Magnesium is high inside the cell.

Muscle contracts because the message from the nerve enters the muscle cell to tell the calcium to get out of its special box, called the reticulum, and get to work attaching to the actin strand of the muscle tissue.

Winter Ills

No-one wants to be sick! But sometimes it is inevitable. Particularly if you use public transport, or look after grandchildren who are at school or childcare. We can thank COVID that it is now acceptable to wear a mask as well.

So it is most important if possible to stay out of crowds, keep your distance from others who are sick – and WASH YOUR HANDS.

If you do get sick, as soon as you start to feel off-colour – Get loads of Vitamin D and C into youVit D allows your body to make the right “Bullets” for the germs you have and Vit C is like a “Hand Grenade” lobbed in to the enemy to blow up the germs in the war-fare but that also gets blown up itself in the process.

When you get enough Vit D and C in you will feel much better but you need more again as soon as you start to not feel as good. My suggestion is Vit D 10,000 iu straight away and another 5,000 iu every 4 hours for the first couple of days.

Vitamin C – take 2-4 G straight away then at least 1-2 G every 2 hours until your bowels start to get loose, or as soon as you feel worse again. Then halve the dose but keep taking. Make sure you take the right sort of Vit C for blood group.

Blood groupType of Vitamin CCommon
OCalcium ascorbateOrange / lemon
A1Sodium ascorbateRaspberry/lemon
A2Calcium and Sodium ascorbateRaspberry/lemon
BCalcium ascorbate and bio CRaspberry/lemon
A1BAscorbic acidOrange
A2BBio CRaspberry

An old safe decongestant trick is to sip hot aerated water that has been boiled in a saucepan (in microwave doesn’t work). I use dry ginger ale or bubbly lemon spring water rather than the old “lemonade” as germs thrive on sugars. Sip it as hot as you can for best effect. It lasts about 30 minutes and can be repeated as often as need be. Works just as well for sinus, ear-aches, sore chest, anything that needs “draining” – including tight chested pneumonia.

Another old remedy is spraying or squirting salty water up your nose. Can be bought at the Chemist as “Fess” or make your own with a bit of salt and warm water. Great for young babies who are too stuffed up to drink their bottles! Make sure you are gentle.

A residual cough will often clear quickly with extra Vit D – take a decent dose if you didn’t use before (5-10,000 iu). For an acute cough, try rubbing Vicks vapour rub into soles of feet. Cover with socks so it doesn’t get onto bed clothes. I have always sipped Irish Moss cough mixture to stop a cough but my grandchildren would appear by my bed asking for “Silver” – and it does work! Sip enough to coat the throat and it stops the irritation that makes you cough.

At the first sign of a furry, sore or uncomfortable throat, start warm lemon and salt gargles. The lemon acts as an astringent, getting under the viral phlegm, lifting it off to spit out; thus stopping it multiplying. The salt heals the raw surface left by the bug so another germ doesn’t settle there. If caught early enough you can stop it developing. Otherwise it will take the pain out of the sore throat for a while and can be repeated as often as needed.

If you have colloidal silver, gargle with that consistently for 10 mins. If you swallow it get a bit more. The trick is to keep the silver in contact with any germs for 10 mins which stops them dividing, then they die.

Betadine gargle and sprays work well too.

Colloidal Silver 
is good for gastro or food poisoning as well. Take a good quarter to half a cup of neat silver then lie down for 10 minutes on each side and back and front so that the silver gets to all surfaces of your stomach. It takes 10 minutes of constant exposure to the silver to stop one-celled organisms dividing. If they can’t divide they die. You usually start to feel better in about 5 minutes or so. Don’t drink anything else for at least an hour or you will dilute the effect of the silver.
NB Colloidal silver needs to be kept in a dark cupboard or box to protect it from light or it will become less effective.

If no silver, then large constant doses of Vitamin C are called for, as for a cold. If you are vomiting and can’t keep anything down then a quarter of apple freshly grated eaten slowly will stop vomiting. Repeat every 10 – 15 minutes.

For nausea or giddiness take Vit B6 200 mg – 400 mg. Manganese helps too, as does eating ginger or ginger beer.

For diarrhoea sip a teaspoonful of white malt vinegar slowly over 5 minutes.

For sore tummy muscles from vomiting or coughing, or generalised muscle soreness from the flu, take magnesium. Don’t eat or drink dairy foods, especially cheese or yoghurt as they can make muscle aches worse. Take magnesium twice a day on empty stomach for period pains too.

In a time when strange viruses are making headlines around the world, it’s good to know about the most powerful natural antiviral: coconut oil. The antiviral activity in coconut oil is remarkable, even among the most resistant viruses, and the best part is, if it’s virgin and organic, there isn’t a man-made chemical in the mix. Think it’s too good to be true?

Creative, healthy cooking

The Polio Cookbook is still available from our office and contains gems such as creative ways to include eggs in our diet. Eggs are a great source of protein, which slows down the release of plant sugar from flour, pasta and grains. Poached, boiled, fried or scrambled are all simple, or you can include them in pancakes (maybe savoury ones with left-over vegetables?) corn fritters, mock fish, mock duck… Other ideas are included in this PDF.

Old fashioned meals that we remember had so many advantages over modern pre-processed foods.

There are so many good uses for the parts of food we normally throw away, such as pumpkin seeds.

Eating a wide variety of unprocessed food will improve your gut health.

Pain vs Cheese

It may be more important to ensure a good balance between calcium and magnesium to protect your bone strength. There is good data to suggest that eliminating dairy products from the diet does reduce the pain and stiffness for many people with arthritis. Here is a deeper look at the biochemistry of muscle action which makes sense of the relationship of these minerals to cramps, stiffness, pain, hypertension, bladder problems and constipation.

Celery Seeds

You can eat celery stalks, leaves and seeds, and this versatile vegetables can have antibacterial, anti fungal properties, but it may also help reduce inflammation, blood pressure, cholesterol, swollen feet, muscle cramps and digestive ulcers. It can improve digestive function and kidney function.